Occupational training and early careers : model Germany or crisis ?
The German mode of occupational training is mainly built on the dual system of apprenticeship training synchronously within firms and within state-controlled vocational schools. This training system has become become even more important in regard to participation rates over the last decades and is rightly considered one of the pillars of both German economic competiveness and of the high degree of social integration in this country. But recently many observers have diagnosed a severe crisis of this institution and have even predicted its vanishing. This paper provides a systematic account of the two sides of this debate and examines the evidence on the basis of secondary sources and original analyses based on recent longitudinal studies. It concludes in affirming the basic stability of the close institutional and empricial linkage of education, training and early occupational careers in Germany.