Présentation
 
1997 - Volume 38 > Numéro 4

ISSN 0035-2969

Standardization of the male suicide rate based on age : due to generation or recomposition of the life cycle ?
Louis CHAUVEL

pp. 681-734

 

Standardization of the male suicide rate based on age : due to generation or recomposition of the life cycle ?

In France, over the last twenty-five years, the trend in the age-based male suicide rate has undergone a number of important changes : in the past, the rate increased steadily with age, today, the rates for different age groups are similar ; more precisely, for the under-40 age group the rate has increased, and for the 50-70 age group there has been a decrease. Two different statistical models give an illustration of this evolution. The first is a classical model where an attempt has been made to separate the effects of age, generation and period of time ; it leads to the conclusion that certain generations are more prone to suicide than others. The second model considers the recomposition of the life cycle (effect resulting from the interaction of age and period of time) as having a major effect, in other words, that age, young and old age, do not have the saine meaning in relation to suicide in 1995 as they did in 1950. This study takes into account in particular the us and, more briefly, fifteen other countries. In fact, as both models correspond well to the figures provided, it is only by means of a sociological analysis of the situation, comparing examples from distinctive social areas, that one is more likely to find that when economic growth slacken there is a retribution of social status based on age.

 

 

 
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