The « voting paradox » and the rationality theory
The debate on the « voting paradox » can only be understood if it is applied to a much wider issue : that of the rationality of social actors and, thus rationality itself. The notion of rationality coming from the neo-classic economic theory can be used to analyse certain social phenomena. For other subjects it is a lot more difficult. Such is the case with voting. Several brilliant theories attempt to avoid the difficulties but not in a very satisfactory manner. « Irrational » voting theories are, also under severe criticism. An acceptable solution for the voting paradox can only be obtained by revising the « utilitarist » idea of rationality by putting forward the classical notion of « axiological rationality » and by precising the meaning of this notion. This revision applies not only to the voting phenomenon but to a large number of other categories of social phenomena.