“Simple” adoption in France
Revival of an old institution (1804-2007)
Along with so-called “full” adoption, there is in France another form known as “simple” adoption, which adds an additional descendency tie to the adoptees’ tie with his family of origin. Nowadays, this form of adoption is mostly used by a step-parent without chil- dren to adopt an adult stepchild to whom there is already an attachment in order to transmit his/her estate to it. Simple adoption, about which little is known by sociologists of the family, has now become more common than full adoption. Using historical statis- tics from the Ministry of Justice on simple adoption since the nineteenth century, we trace the history of this institution since 1804 when it became part of French law. The objective is not just to better understand simple adoption, but also the reasons for its rise since the 1970s and what this reveals about long term socio-demographic and cultural changes within the family.
Key words. FAMILY – DESCENT – ADOPTION – REORGANISATION – DIVORCE – INHERITANCE