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English Issue > 2002

An Annual English Selection - 2002 - 43 - Supplement

Biology-Inspired Sociology of the Nineteenth Century : A Science of Social “Organization”

Dominique GUILLO

 

 

pp. 123-155

 

Biology-inspired sociology of the nineteenth century, at least that of major thinkers such as Saint-Simon, Comte, Spencer, and Durkheim, cannot be understood with reference to an opposition between “mechanical” and “organic” models. It is not based on the Romantic figure of the organism as countervalue to the machine, but rather centered around the notion of organization as it was debated in the discipline of natural history over the first half of the nineteenth century. In the sociological thought of this period therefore, the logic-based theme of classifying organized forms plays a crucial role.

 

 

 
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